Primary Curriculum Overview

We love the new curriculum! The Monster Phonics programme was being developed at the same time as the curriculum was being revised. We were elated to find that the key ideas and changes behind the new curriculum matched our very own. Elated, not because of a happy coincidence but because we are passionate about teaching children to reading and spelling in the most effective curriculum and methods.

Our planning will seamlessly guide you through the curriculum. Lessons are fun and easy to teach. At the same time you will gain a more in-depth knowledge of phonics.  Our full curriculum overviews are available to download in our members area but here is an introduction to each year group.





The focus this year remains on acquiring and utilising grapheme-phoneme correspondence, blending and segmenting. In addition, learning to recognise and spell the first 45 high frequency words. Almost half of the reception high frequency words are consolidated in the year 1 exception words. Monster Phonics colour coding makes it possible to explicitly teach and explain the grapheme-phoneme relationships in these words.

The Reception curriculum remains within the boundary of the Early Years Foundation Framework. However the following vowel digraphs are now listed in the year 1 curriculum (ee, ai, oa, ie, oo, oo, ar, er, ow, oy, air, ear) although it is accepted that these may be taught prior to year 1 depending on the programme used, So although these graphemes are now listed in the year 1 curriculum, there is a high degree of flexibility.


Year 1

This year sees the teaching of a large number of vowel graphemes. As a result there is a high degree of phoneme overlap between the graphemes taught in year one (27 graphemes taught make sounds A, E, I, O, U, oo or ow). In addition key grammatical spelling rules and 45 important common exception words are learnt. High frequency graphemes, such as the split digraphs a-e, i-e, o-e and u-e have been introduced earlier before other less common graphemes such as oe, igh and oa. However there is flexibility in order in which the graphemes are taught.


Year 2

In year 2, graphemes continue to be taught, although the Tricky Letter graphemes predominate. There is more time spent learning spelling rules which are more complex. A further set of 65 common exception rules are taught.


important note

The curriculum is not a rigid structure of year 1 and 2, flexibility a.nd differentiation are encouraged

• As soon as children can read words comprising the year 1 grapheme-phoneme correspondences accurately and speedily, they should be moved onto the year 2 programme of study.

• The number, order and choice of exception words taught will vary according to the phonics programme being taught.