The Curriculum

The Monster Phonics Programme

The systematic and synthetic structure of Monster Phonics ensures that children in Reception are able to decode words early in their reading journey. By the end of Reception, children have been taught to read real words and simple sentences accurately, with increasing speed and fluency. All grapheme-phoneme correspondences assessed within the phonics screening check are taught and further revised prior to the assessment taking place in Year 1. The programme teaches every aspect of the statutory requirements of the KS1 Spelling Curriculum. This includes all grapheme-phoneme correspondences and spelling rules, as shown in the yearly overviews. Assessment also links to this, and through ongoing training, schools are supported with fully implementing the scheme. This ensures that regular and timely assessment takes place.

Monster Phonics uses a multi-sensory approach so that children learn from simultaneous visual (video, colour coding), auditory (songs and rhymes) and kinaesthetic (magnetic letters and hands-on activities and games) activities which are designed to secure essential phonic knowledge and skills. This is particularly appealing to this age group and is vital to ensuring all types of learners are reached. Schools consistently report increased engagement enabling children to progress quickly, building confidence. Expectations, therefore, are set very high for all children. Resulting in Year 1 scores of 92% being achieved in a typical engaged MP school. Engagement is high, which is consistently reported.

Find out more about how Monster Phonics works.

Letters and Sounds

Letters and Sounds was published by the Department for Education in 2007. This guidance helped to embed and unify synthetic phonics teaching in primary schools across England with a detailed and logical curriculum. For a number of years, effective teaching using Letters and Sounds has relied on schools themselves building a programme around the handbook. The Department for Education recognises, however, that for many schools, especially those who want or need to improve their practice, support, guidance, resources or training should be provided by one complete scheme.

Letters & Sounds Phases 

Tricky and high-frequency words are taught alongside phonics at each phase of Letters and Sounds, as well as in the KS1 Spelling Curriculum. Read more about tricky and high-frequency words.

The KS1 Spelling Curriculum

In 2014, the government published the new Spelling Curriculum for Key Stage One and beyond.

Schools can follow the KS1 Spelling Curriculum at the start of Year One. This KS1 Spelling Curriculum includes some Phase 3 graphemes (ai ee igh oa oo ar or ur ow oi ear air ure er) and Phase 5 and 6 graphemes. Alternatively, schools may wish to continue to follow Letter and Sounds phase 5 and 6 at this stage.