Phase 2 Phonics Resources – Letters and Sounds


This phase has a duration of 6 weeks.

Requirements for entry

Children starting this phase will already have experience of a range of listening activities, involving songs, stories and rhymes.

  • They will be able to distinguish between speech sounds.
  • Many will be able to blend and segment words orally.
  • Some will also be able to recognise rhyming words and suggest rhyming
    words. Phase two provides continues to provide speaking and listening opportunities, so it is not necessary for children to be able to recognise rhyming on entry.


Objectives of Phase 2

1. To read and write at least 19 letters

Phase 2 New Graphemes

2. To progress from oral to written blending and segmenting

3. To read and spell some VC and CVC words (spell either by using magnetic letters or by writing the letters on paper or on whiteboards)

4. To read two-syllable words (such as sunset)

5. To begin to read simple captions

6. To learn to read some high-frequency ‘tricky’ words: the, to, go, no.


High-Frequency Words

Phonics Phase 2 High-Frequency words

Tricky words are shown in bold; Reception High-frequency words are shaded.


Monster Phonics

Monster Phonics follows the Letters and Sounds suggested order for teaching letters and provides suitable words lists to practise blending and segmenting. Words can be selected as needed for an activity. Monster Phonics makes learning high-frequency ‘tricky’ words at the stage much easier. It makes it possible to teach important but simple phonetic rules. For example, open syllables endings (in ‘no’ and ‘go’) have long vowel sounds. Rules such as this greatly reduce the number of tricky words.

Phase 2 planning and resources are found in the Reception section of the Monster Phonics Resources area.


Browse the phased phonics teaching structure for schools.