Phase 4 Phonics Resources – Letters and Sounds


Phase 4 phonics lasts 4 to 6 weeks and teaches children to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants.


Requirements for entry

1. Will be able to represent each of 42 phonemes by a grapheme.

2. Will be able to read and spell CVC words.

3. Will have experience reading simple two-syllable words and captions.

4. Will know letter names.

5. Will be able to read and spell some tricky words.


Objectives of Phase 4

To consolidate knowledge of learned graphemes by reading and spelling words containing adjacent consonants and polysyllabic words.

Phonics Phase 4 CVC words


High-Frequency Words

Phase 4 High-Frequency Words

Tricky words are shown in bold; Reception High-frequency words are shaded.


Monster Phonics

Monster Phonics follows the Letters and Sounds suggested order for teaching letters and provides suitable words containing adjacent consonants. Words can be selected as needed for an activity. Monster Phonics makes learning high-frequency ‘tricky’ words at the stage much easier. It makes it possible to teach important but simple phonetic rules. For example, open syllables endings (in ‘so’ and ‘do’) have long vowel sounds. The ‘e’ in ‘have’ is silent, which is common to many words with the ‘ve’ ending in English (live, give, love. move). Rules such as this greatly reduce the number of tricky words.

Phase 4 planning and resources are found in the Reception section of the Monster Phonics Resources area.


Browse the phased phonics teaching structure for schools.